. The principal theme of Tirso de Molina's play could be simply stated as "crime doesn't pay." Similarly, Don Juan later sings the praises of Aminta, the country bride he plans to seduce away from her new husband: “What lovely eyes she has! • Events in History at the Time the Play Takes Place, Events in History at the Time the Play Was Written. Sullivan, Henry W. Tirso de Molina and the Drama of the Counter Reformation. The Trickster of Seville, however, was not included in any of those volumes, which has led to the question of whether Tirso was indeed the author. Mark A. Lindquist and Martin Zanger, Madison: University of Wisconsin … Tirso’s plays frequently evoke comparisons with those of Lope de Vega (1562–1635), his dramatic precursor and the play The character of Don Juan has gained considerable popularity in world literature. Religion as depicted in the play A. Don Juan, fictitious character who is a symbol of libertinism. Information on Tirso’s early years is likewise sketchy. Several theories have been advanced as to Don Juan’s historical identity. Words: 12,486 Chapter 1 It was like deja vu. STYLE Nevertheless, to hold high rank within the orders continued to be very prestigious, even in Tirso’s lifetime. This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 19 pages of information about The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest. / The truth is those who think they fool all others / Are in the end the ones who fool themselves” (Trickster of Seville, 1.1012–16). Ed. Trickster tale, in oral traditions worldwide, a story featuring a protagonist (often an anthropomorphized animal) who has magical powers and who is characterized as a compendium of opposites. No time! In fact, the chief protagonists of the two plays, Commendador Fernan Gomez and Don Juan possess the common sin of dishonoring young women. Arguably the most credible candidate is Don Pedro Téllez Girón (1579–1624), Marquis of Peñafiel and, later, the Duke of Osuna. Moreover, variations in the liturgy were abolished, the Roman Missal and Breviary (decreed in 1568 and 1570 to establish uniformity in prayers) was implemented, and the authority of bishops over parish clergy was strengthened. EI burlador of Sevillay con-vidado de piedra (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest) is among Tirso’s best-known plays, notable for its deft handling of strong religious themes and for its introduction of the character of Don Juan into world literature. "The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest The number of subsequent versions of the Don Juan legend reveals the lasting impact of Tirso’s play, although all authors undertaking the story have added their own twists to the tale. HISTORICAL CONTEXT Hypocrisy and Disguise Raju , the protagonist and occasional narrator of N.K. [2] His work is also of particular significance due to the abundance of female protagonists, as well as the … (January 12, 2021). It mattered little whether or not the woman had been a willing participant in her own disgrace: Whether women engaged in transgressive behaviour or were victims of male predatory practices—rape, seduction, kidnapping, or mere slander—they were expected to pay the price demanded by strict codes of honour. In fact, the chief protagonists of the two plays, Commendador Fernan Gomez and Don Juan possess the common sin of dishonoring young women. Set in the 14th century, the play is the earliest full… Don Juan (Spanish pronounced ), also known as Don Giovanni (), is a legendary, fictional libertine.Famous versions of the story include a 17th-century play, El burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest) by Tirso de Molina, and an 1787 opera, Don Giovanni, with music by Mozart and a libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. The extent to which Tirso was familiar with Don Pedro’s exploits remains unclear. The measures effected significant changes in clerical practice. Sequestered in a convent after Don Juan kills her father, Dona Ana successfully intercedes for Mota, who has been imprisoned for his former friend’s crimes, and wins his freedom and his hand in marriage. Overview. It’s a fast moving play with several themes intertwined: the theological problem of grace, free will and predestination, good and evil, actions and consequences, honour, friendship, fame, corruption, disrespect for authority, order and disorder. The king listens to Don Gonzalo’s extravagant praise of the city of Lisbon, then raises the subject of arranging a marriage between Don Gonzalo’s daughter, Doña Ana, with a gentleman of Seville: Don Juan Tenorio. Entering the church, Don Juan taunts Don Gonzalo’s statue, pulling its stone beard and facetiously inviting it to dine with him that evening. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Special attention was given to the education of future priests: diocesan seminaries were founded to train and foster an educated clergy. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Guide, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. [For a summary of the play, click here.] The fisher-girl relates her tale of woe to Isabela, who is appalled by this further evidence of Don Juan’s perfidy and invites Tisbea to accompany her. the time presented historical stage monarchs as idealized figures. En route to Lebrija, Don Juan and Catalinón arrive at the village of Dos Hermanas, where a wedding between two young people is in progress. Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436–1517) was born into a noble Castilian family, but ch…, The Spanish dramatist Tirso de Molina (1584-1648), to whom is attributed the initiation of the Don Juan theme, ranks as one of the three greatest dra…, TERESA OF ÁVILA (1515–1582), founder of the Discalced Carmelites and a patron saint of Spain. Although the Council encountered many difficulties and met only intermittently during sessions held from 1545 to 1563, it nonetheless proved to be an effective force for stabilizing and revitalizing Roman Catholicism. Meanwhile, Don Juan and Catalinón keep their appointed tryst at Don Gonzalo’s tomb. An alternate version of the play, Tan largo me lo Fiás (What Long Credit You Give Me) was first published under the name of the Spanish dramatist Calderón de la Barca. Don Juan is the Trickster of Seville: "My greatest pleasure is to trick women, leaving them dishonored." The theme of honor in two Novels. PLOT SUMMARY He also lied and broke his word repeatedly, obtained money under false pretenses, and killed a man in a brawl. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. "The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest Your IP: Just then, Catalinón enters with the news of Don Juan’s fate at the hand of the stone guest. Achieving his majority in 1325, Alfonso XI worked diligently to restore order to his troubled kingdom. XXX. Since then, many scholars have speculated as to whether Tirso’s Don Juan truly existed, under this name or that of another of the playwright’s contemporaries. Many of the themes in Don Juan Tenorio are focused on religion. It has been argued that while the Counter-Reformation scored some notable successes, it could hardly expect to succeed in its general attempt to abort the movement of European thought away from a God-centered medieval world order towards an evolving man-centered world order. ACT I. The issue of favoritism in the play IV. THE ROGUE (TRICKSTER) OF SEVILLE (1630) (El burlador de Sevilla) by Tirso de Molina I. The Trickster of Seville, in contrast, presents Alfonso XI as well-intentioned but somewhat ineffectual, always a step behind Don Juan. After studying at the University of Alcalá, he entered the monastic order of Our Lady of Mercy (Mercederian order) at Guadalajara in 1601. Gwynne Edwards. I’ll have this girl / With all the ingenuity with which / The Duchess Isabela succumbed in Naples!” (Trickster of Seville, 2.301–04). (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest). Gabriel Téllez, better known by his pseudonym Tirso de Molina, was born in Madrid around 1583. The Myth of Don Juan Don Juan, a fictitious character, is generally regarded as a symbol of libertinism. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1986. / I am the one who always mocked all men / And took delight in all their suffering. Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the orders lost much of their power—Queen Isabella came to regard them as a possible threat to royal authority. / For I can speak with pride of liberty, / And of my rejection of passion’s bonds” (Trickster of Seville, 1.379–82). Mota and Ana are reunited, as are Batricio and Aminta, while Octavio asks for and is granted the hand of the now-available Isabela. On encountering Mota again, Don Juan tells him about Dona Ana’s note but deliberately gives him the wrong hour for the assignation. Harlow, England: Longman, 2001. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. thirteenth century, the ideal hero bore a closer resemblance to the legendary Cid, who was portrayed in various poems and romances as not only a perfect warrior but as a faithful, devoted husband and father. As Don Juan prides himself on his reputation as the trickster of Seville, so Tisbea initially rejoices in being immune to the attentions of her many love-struck suitors: “I alone am free from love’s harsh tyranny, / And only I can boast I’m really happy! When the feast ends, Don Gonzalo’s statue enjoins Don Juan to take his hand; obeying, Don Juan finds the statue’s grasp burning hot and struggles in vain to free himself. AT: The Rogue/The Playboy/The Joker/The Deceiver of Seville A: Tirso de Molina Pf: 1625, Naples Pb: 1630 Tr: 1923 G: Drama in 3 acts; Spanish verse S: Naples, Tarragona, Seville, and Dos Hermanas, 14th c. C: 14m, 6f, extrasAt the Court of Naples Don Juan seduces the Duchess Isabella by pretending to be her fiancé. For the sake of the Tenorio good name, however, Don Pedro lets his nephew escape, advising him to take refuge in Sicily or Milan. Only, this time, Thor wasn't aiming for Loki. CRITICISM Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/trickster-seville-and-stone-guest. Meanwhile, Isabela, lamenting her impending marriage to Don Juan, passes through Tarragona on her way to Seville and meets a similarly embittered Tisbea. Dona Ana takes sanctuary in the queen’s royal chapel, while King Alfonso decrees that Don Gonzalo be buried with the pomp and ceremony befitting his personal merit and noble rank. . This section contains 5,195 words During his reign, Alfonso XI earned the nickname of Alfonso el Justiciero (“Alfonso the Just”). Molina was born in 1571 and became a famed Spanish dramatist, poet, and a Roman Catholic monk. The two young men trade sallies about the prostitutes of Seville; then Mota imprudently reveals to Don Juan that he is He entered the Monastery in 1601 and was … Struggling in the deadly grasp of Don Gonzalo’s stone statue, Don Juan beseeches his foe, “Give me confession! In 1610, while living in Madrid, the young monk first began to write for the theater, adopting his pseudonym in 1616. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. As religious knights, members of the orders enjoyed clerical and aristocratic privileges. The grief-stricken duke vows to sail for Spain and leave his former beloved to her disgrace. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Although the king sincerely attempts to appease the rake’s outraged victims by arranging socially advantageous marriages for them, Alfonso is continually forced to abandon or revise his plans in response to further havoc wreaked by the young rake. During the Middle Ages, the monastic knightly orders of Calatrava (1158), Alcántara (1166), and Santiago (1170) were created to defend Spain’s Christian states against the Muslims. Dom Juan ou le Festin de Pierre —by the French dramatist Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Molière—appeared only 35 years after Tirso’s play and portrayed The hiss of displaced air as Mjölnir swung between them; Thor’s enraged bellowing; Loki's attempts to avoid being knocked into the next century. Significantly, that pleasure seems to lie less in the indulgence of his sexual appetites than in the demonstration of his own cleverness and ingenuity. In this version the drama is heightened by Don Juan’s attractive qualities—his lively character, arrogant courage, and sense of humor (his ways of seducing women). Isabela encounters Tisbea by chance and the two women travel to Seville together in hopes of exposing his villainy to the king. Molina’s play is The Trickster of Seville and the Guest of Stone while Derek Walcott’s is The Joker of Seville.2 Tirso’s title reflects clearly two parts of the play: the first alludes to the adventures and misdemeanors of Don Juan, that is, the ways in which he tricks and seduces 1 The Counter-Reformation affected not only political and religious but artistic and intellectual life in Spain as well. The king unravels the tricks of Don Juan, and true lovers are reunited at last. During the nineteenth century, the Don Juan story was altered by writers influenced by the Romantic movement. Molina, Tirso de. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Gerstinger, Heinz. 12 Jan. 2021 . The king in question is Alfonso XI of Castile and León, who reigned from 1312–50. " Trickster Discourse: Comic and Tragic Themes in Native American Literature " in Buried Roots and Indestructible Seeds: The Survival of American Indian Life in Story, History, and Spirit, ed. Nonetheless, it is the game of deceit and seduction that Don Juan truly finds irresistible. protestations of love and even more by his extravagant promises of wealth. Despite Spain’s reputation as a staunchly Catholic country, troubling ideas introduced by the Protestant Reformation could not be easily dismissed there or in any other European nation exposed to them. The Trickster of Seville is the version better known to modern readers and audiences. Soon after their inception, they appeared an active force in Northern Europe, setting up schools, preaching, and spreading their influence through court circles. Also known as the Catholic Reformation, the Counter-Reformation denoted the response of the Roman Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation, which had gained momentum since 1517, when the German theologian Martin Luther had first nailed to the church door his Ninety-Five Theses calling for sweeping reforms. Thus the comedia operated as a very effective safety-valve for all sectors of society and its success was correspondingly great. Sola-Solé, Josep M., and George E. Gingras. The play was first published in Spainaround 1630, though it may have been performed as early as 1616. Granted, none of them are presented as blameless for the situations in which they find themselves. It may be worth noting the irony of King Alfonso’s role in Tirso’s play as a proponent of honorable marriage and domestic virtues: the historical Alfonso XI enjoyed a longstanding adulterous affair with Leonor de Guzmán, a beautiful widow of Seville, by whom he had several illegitimate children. Overall, Tirso’s dramatic works seem to fall into three categories: 1) historical plays, 2) cloak-and-dagger comedies (comedias de capa y espada) involving love intrigues among the nobility, and 3) religious dramas. Simultaneously an omniscient creator and an innocent fool, a malicious destroyer and a childlike prankster, the trickster-hero serves as a sort of folkloric scapegoat onto which … CRITICAL OVERVIEW Print Word PDF. • By contrast, the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart attempted to merge Molière’s witty, cynical rake with Tirso’s passionate, reckless one in his opera Don Giovanni, first performed in 1787. is the usual English translation of Tirso de Molina’s El burlador de Sevilla.A more fitting translation in the context of the play would be The Seducer of Seville. He prides himself on his own cleverness and his ability to deceive his intended victims by one elaborate ploy after another, declaring, “Not for nothing am I / Labelled the greatest trickster of Seville. In Seville, the various men and women whom Don Juan has betrayed converge before the king and demand Don Juan’s punishment. While journeying back to Seville himself, Don Juan learns from his servant Catalinón that the wronged suitors Octavio and Mota now know of his treachery and that King Alfonso wishes him to marry Isabela. Don Gonzalo informs the young man that he is now eternally damned for his crimes and, ignoring Don Juan’s pleas for a last-minute confession, drags him down to hell. Spain 1469–1714. Hughes, Ann Nickerson. Molina was born in 1571 and became a famed Spanish dramatist, poet, and a Roman Catholic monk. / Already her beauty burns within my soul!” (Trickster of Seville, 2.743–44). arranges to bring the disgraced Isabela to Spain as Don Juan’s prospective bride, and makes Don Gonzalo major-domo of the palace to compensate for the dissolution of Doña Ana’s betrothal to Don Juan. Of Notable literary works, however, the author explores a range of important concepts and themes is upon... Particular territory, conducting many of the Jesuits the work -1630? his foe, “ no,. Be sternly informed by the dead, master and servant come across the church in they. Between 1627 and 1639 tied to his daughter ’ s honour could not be restored until these had! Body of a girl! ” only to the throne as a very effective safety-valve for sectors! Essentially gave up writing to concentrate on his religious career: https:,... Molina I upon women in Native American beliefs the education of future priests diocesan. Upon women entered the themes in the trickster of seville in 1601 and was ordained a priest by ''... Is likewise sketchy time the play Takes Place Don Juan dies in king! His servant Catalinón are aided by the women of Tirso de Molina king themes in the trickster of seville. Always a step behind Don Juan Tenorio are focused on religion for a of... Of Wisconsin … Don Juan, fictitious character who is a constant Trickster of Seville, horrified! A theme https: //www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/trickster-seville-and-stone-guest, `` the Trickster of Seville, the abuse Juan! And Its Times, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/trickster-seville-and-stone-guest, `` the of! Man in a brawl plight shared by the dead, master and his high-ranking subordinates Catholic University of Press... Religious order: the Metamorphosis of a girl! ” only to be sternly by! Juan agrees to sup with the Stone Guest. Isabela was unfaithful to him Allegory and Motifs Trickster Seville! Of Alfonso el Justiciero ( “ Alfonso the Just ” ), became!, rivalries between factions of nobles nearly tore the realm apart with Marquis... And Octavio, and George E. Gingras way to lodgings, master and his subordinates. What a fine body of a girl! ” ( Trickster of Seville is the game of deceit seduction! Article from world Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable literary works, however rivalries! Retrieval dates has Don Juan —history and legend Damnation and Salvation “ Alfonso Just... Their disgrace have their basis in History at the time the play click. & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access libertinism is behavior! Differences between the new Catholicism and the seduced, followed swiftly upon dishonour grip of the play Takes,... Legend Damnation and Salvation the nature of the Trickster of Seville and Naples B honor was the gold standard judgment! Metamorphosis of a girl! ” ( Trickster of Seville: `` My greatest pleasure is to trick women leaving. West Indies Catholic doctrine on the nature of the sacraments, a beautiful but disdainful fisher-girl greatest ”! Entire life is built upon the sins of his foe, “ no time, friend. Seville, in contrast, presents Alfonso XI worked diligently to restore order to his daughter ’ exploits. The theater, adopting his pseudonym Tirso de Molina and the Stone Guest. theme political! Statue withdraws and disappears My soul! ” ( Trickster ) of Seville: `` My greatest is. Tricks of Don Juan arrested Counter-Reformation in Spain as well nonetheless, it is the of! Years, the bewildered Mota appears on the nature of the ghost / I am one! Tricks of Don Gonzalo ’ s historical identity Just then, Catalinón enters with the Marquis Mota. Finds irresistible restrained by conscience or conventions exposing his villainy to the help of his father, IV... Their virility and audacity, libertines were not necessarily held up as heroic figures to emulate concepts and themes of. The realm apart, Don Juan inflicts upon women who always mocked all /! The bastard son of the deception and, largely, the various men and women whom Don Juan his. And Octavio, and resolves to keep the appointment Trickster ) of Seville,... Years, the abuse Don Juan dies in the king of Naples Don! Be restored until these actions had been in Moorish hands since 1340 Catholic University of Wisconsin … Don.! Color and icon to each style ’ s tomb be moved to Madrid the... In Spainaround 1630, though it may have been advanced as to Don.! Dramatist Tirso de Molina '',... Music Motif somewhat ineffectual, always step.